Renflexis is a prescription medication that is a biosimilar to Remicade® (infliximab). Renflexis is used to treat ankylosing spondylitis (AS) that has not been adequately managed with NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). Renflexis is also approved to treat rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, plaque psoriasis, Crohn’s disease, and ulcerative colitis.1
What is a biosimilar?
Biosimilars are a type of biologic therapy that are highly similar to an already approved biological product. To receive FDA approval, biosimilars must be like their reference product in several key characteristics, including purity, molecular structure, and bioactivity (how it acts in the body). Like biologics, biosimilars have bioengineered proteins that mimic certain functions in human genes or cells, and they are made from living organisms. The sources used to create biological products may be human, animal, bacteria, or yeast.2
What is the ingredient in Renflexis?
The active ingredient in Renflexis is infliximab-abda, a tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) inhibitor.1
How does Renflexis work?
AS causes chronic inflammation at the joints, primarily the joints in the spine, although AS may affect other joints in the body. AS can also cause other problems in the body, including complications involving the heart or the lungs.3,4
One of the proteins in the body that is involved in the inflammatory response is TNF. In people with AS, there is an excess or abnormal inflammatory response and elevated levels of TNF. As a TNF-alpha inhibitor, Renflexis binds to TNF-alpha protein blocking its action. Blocking TNF can help reduce the inflammation and help relieve the symptoms of AS.1
What are the possible side effects of Renflexis
The most common side effects experienced by patients taking Renflexis include infections (such as upper respiratory infections and sinusitis), infusion-related reactions (such as rash or shortness of breath), headache, and abdominal pain.1
Some of these possible side effects from Renflexis can be serious. Because TNF is involved in the normal immune response of inflammation, taking a TNF blocker like Renflexis can make it harder to fight certain infections. Some people have experienced serious infections with TNF blockers including Renflexis, including tuberculosis (TB), bacterial sepsis, invasive fungal infections, and opportunistic infections. Some of these serious infections may lead to hospitalizations or death.1
Renflexis may increase the risk of developing lymphoma or other types of cancer. This risk may be increased in children and young adults.1
This is not an exhaustive list of all potential side effects of Renflexis. For more information, patients should talk to their doctor about what to expect. Any new or worsening side effects should be reported to a doctor or healthcare professional.
Things to know about Renflexis
Before starting treatment with Renflexis, patients should talk to their doctors about all their medical conditions, especially if they:1,5
- Have any signs of infection, including fever, cough, or open cuts or sores
- Have frequent infections, diabetes, or an immune system problem
- Have TB or have been around someone with TB
- Lived in a region where certain fungal infections are common
- Have had any type of cancer
- Have heart failure or any heart condition
- Have or have previously had a hepatitis B infection
- Have a nervous system disorder, like multiple sclerosis or Guillain-Barré syndrome
- Are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, are breastfeeding, or plan to breastfeed
Before beginning treatment with Renflexis, patients should talk to their doctors about all medications (over-the-counter and prescription), vitamins, and supplements they are taking, especially any other biologic medications. Some medications or supplements may increase the risk of side effects if taken in combination with Renflexis.1
Patients should be tested for TB before beginning treatment with Renflexis.1
If an infection occurs while taking Renflexis, patients should contact their doctor. If the infection becomes serious, treatment with Renflexis may be stopped.1
Patients taking this medication should not receive live vaccines.1
During treatment with Renflexis, patients should be monitored for any possible heart problems, nervous system disorders, infections, cancer, and liver functioning.1